The Juniverse points to Mary Burgan's article in Change Magazine: In Defense of Lecturing as an attack on the "learning by doing" school of thought.
But apart from taking sides, he posits that:
Now if you ask me, I'd like to think that we are aproaching a learning model that focuses on lifelong trajectories. Perhaps e-portfolios could serve a useful purpose."In any case, if universities want to change how they teach and how students learn, the issue of just where in the process learning is supposed to occur needs to be clarified. It doesn't work to assume that the content of a typical full course can be learned in only three one-hour classes a week. It never did."